Buying property in the Cayman Islands is a simple and straightforward process and is for many, not just a lifestyle purchase but a safe and sound real estate investment, unlike some other Caribbean Islands. With no restrictions on foreign ownership of a single property, and a tax-friendly jurisdiction meaning no annual property, income or capital gains taxes to be paid locally on the sale of a property, buying property in the Cayman Islands is an inviting prospect and strongly encouraged by the Cayman Islands Government who guarantee title for all real estate transactions.
For a small family of Caribbean islands there is a diverse selection of real estate in the Cayman Islands, and has proved to be great value when compared to many other off-shore jurisdictions and tropical locations, it has long been a way of creating and securing wealth among the local Caymanian population and it is often the case that expatriates living and working in the Cayman Islands under a work permit will decide to buy property rather than rent. Unlike other countries within the Caribbean, Cayman has no restriction on foreign ownership of a single property. Persons of independent means may also wish to seek residency in the Cayman Islands as part of their tax planning strategy, applying for a 25 year Residency Certificate, there are certain requirements which must be met to attain this, one of which is investment in developed real estate in the Cayman Islands. Contact us for more details on what residency status might suit you.
As with investing in real estate anywhere in the world, key factors for consideration are usually lifestyle and budget, this will then filter down into the type of property you will purchase whether that be a condo or a house, and this will in turn likely impact the location. There are often more amenities associated with condos such as swimming pools, tennis courts and gyms, some will however prefer the privacy offered by a detached home with its own private garden and perhaps even a boat dock.
For the many professionals working in the financial or legal sectors will more than likely have their offices in the central business districts of George Town and the West Bay Road corridor, and will probably seek housing accommodation close to these areas, although expats coming from larger cities are often used to a longer commute, part of the pleasure of living in the Cayman Islands is that even if you spend a long day in the office you can reasonably expect to be home within 5 to 30 minutes depending on the time of day. Communities within a close commute of George Town & Camana Bay would include Governors Harbour, Salt Creek, Cayman Islands Yacht Club and Vista del Mar, Crystal Harbour, Canal Point, Snug Harbour, South Sound, Grand Harbour, Patricks Island and Omega Bay. Many of these areas would include condo complexes but areas that are predominantly made up of condos are Seven Mile Beach, Camana Bay & Britannia.
Within the Cayman Islands real estate market there are two distinct types of purchasers; the resident buyer and the vacation or non-resident buyer, although there is some crossover as to the type of property that each will buy, generally speaking the vacation buyer will focus on purchasing a condo because there is a lot less maintenance involved than homeownership, and also because most tourist buyers are looking for beachfront or waterfront property there are more condos than houses to choose from on the beach and water.
Milestone Properties Cayman
Milestone Properties Cayman
Buying Guide for Property in the Cayman Islands
Geography & climate
The Cayman Islands is made up of three small islands situated in the Western Caribbean Sea; Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, to the south of Cuba and north west of Jamaica. Grand Cayman is by far the largest island of the three, accounting for 76% of the country’s total landmass, and is home to the nation’s capital George Town. The island is made up of five districts; West Bay George Town, Bodden Town, East End, and North Side.
Its popularity as a ‘safe haven’ is evidenced by expatriates from the US, Canada, Britain and South America accounting for around 50% of the country’s 68,000 population. As thee are no restrictions on foreign ownership in the Cayman Islands the country continues to prove popular for those looking for a primary or secondary residence.
What we call an endless Summer, the year-round high temperatures and sunshine, with a relatively small range in temperature, typically from 26C in the peak ‘winter’ season running from January to May, to 32C during the storm season that runs from June to October. The North East trade winds from ensure a very pleasant climate during the popular winter sun season. Thanks to the topography of the Caribbean Sea and natural barrier reefs encircling the coastlines, the islands are well protected from hurricanes and subsequent landslides. However, hurricanes do still threaten the islands, and having sustained extensive damage from Hurricane Ivan back in 2004, the country’s government and business community acknowledged that upgrades in natural disaster management were needed. As a result homes and buildings are now built to even higher standards than before (Miami Dade) using the latest technologies and highest grade materials, insured and prepared to deal with the prospect of future storms.
With one of the largest offshore finance centres in the world and capital of the hedge fund and captive insurance industries, Cayman is considered one of the most affluent countries in the region, Cayman enjoyed considerable economic growth from 1998 to 2007 at an average of 3.1% before the onset of the economic recession. This had a noticeable impact on the economy as figures from the Economics and Statistics Office (ESO) show, with a 6.3% fall in GDP recorded in 2009. However, since 2011 the economy has been in recovery mode and growth of 1.5% was forecast earlier on this year. In the second quarter of this year consumer price inflation slowed to 0.7% from 2.3% in Q1.
There are a number of significant infrastructure projects currently under construction on Grand Cayman that will likely lead to further increases in property demand and tourist arrivals. The George Town port is undergoing redevelopment that will add further berthing facilities for cruise ships and mega yachts.
The new town of Camana Bay, stretching from Seven Mile Beach to the North Sound, is being expanded including 200 new residential units made up of homes and condominiums. In 2016 we saw the completion of the Dart development, a 263 room boutique Kimpton Seafire Resort & Spa located at the top of of Seven Mile Beach. The property includes delicious dining options, a destination spa, 56 residences and 6 beachfront bungalows. In addition to the Kimpton, we expect to see the realisation of The Four Seasons, Hilton Curio and Mandarin Oriental hotels soon.
Also in 2016, the process of extending fibre optic cables across the three islands had been carried out, bringing the country up to speed with the most advanced economies in the world.
The new, expanded Owen Roberts International Airport (GCM) just outside of George Town is the major gateway for the Cayman Islands, located just five minutes from the banking and financial districts in Downtown, as well as being close to Seven Mile Beach, Grand Cayman’s prominent tourist spot. The islands are very accessible with regular flights to and from 25 gateway cities including London Heathrow, Miami, DFW, New York, Chicago and Toronto. Regular services to Jamaica, Cuba and other Caribbean countries also operate on a daily basis. Airlines servicing Cayman include Cayman Airways, Air Canada, American Airlines, United Airlines and British Airways. British Airways operate five direct flights a week from Heathrow to George Town, with flight times taking just over 11 hours. Multiple daily flights from Miami Airport mean that easier connections can be made when flying from Europe. Direct return flights start from £800 in class from London Heathrow. There are two cruise ship terminals on Grand Cayman with cruisers operating from major ports including Miami and New York.
After Offshore finance, tourism contributes around 30% to the Cayman Islands economy with visitors predominantly from the United States, Canada and Europe. In the past decade not only cruise tourism, but overnight stays has been able to boom, largely because of the new hotel room stock, but also the residential room/condo/villa rental availability. The Department of Tourism is reporting annual increases of between 14 and 17% in visitor numbers.
A new focus on medical tourism has recently been introduced with the construction of the Health City Cayman Islands, a state of the art tertiary care hospital that opened in early 2014. The hospital is the vision of world-renowned cardiologist and philanthropist Dr Devi Shetty, the Chairman of Health City Cayman Islands’ parent company, Narayana Health In India. Having initially focused on attracting medical tourists from North America the centre is expanding its scope and focusing on those in South and Latin America, as well as other Caribbean nations.
English is the main language in the Cayman Islands although Spanish is also spoken amongst many of the immigrant workers. A dual currency is in operation with the US dollar and Cayman dollar (KYD) pegged. When it comes to buying property on the islands the US dollar is typically the choice of currency with most properties advertised in US dollars, while day to day purchases are carried out using the Cayman Islands dollar. Despite being a tax haven duty is levied on certain imports such as food, meaning that prices are roughly on par with those we see here in the UK. However, fuel prices are more comparable with the US and much cheaper than in Britain.
With a wide array of sporting and cultural activities on offer in Cayman with water sports extremely popular in this part of the world and available in abundance. The warm, calm Caribbean Sea provides water sports enthusiasts with the opportunity to go diving, paddleboarding, kite surfing, snorkelling, swimming with stingrays and fishing to name just a handful. Little Cayman is also a popular location for scuba diving and bird watching, with much of the island unspoilt by the small resident population.
World renowned Seven Mile Beach on the West Coast of Grand Cayman is one of the most popular locations for water sports, along with South Sound. Regularly featuring in the listings of the world’s best beaches Seven Mile Beach is the hub of tourist activity on the island, with hotels, restaurants and bars lining the prime stretch of coastline. Whether you are looking to relax on the beach, enjoy a walk, take part in a water sport or enjoy a meal or drink at one of the Caribbean’s top restaurants, Seven Mile Beach is the premier location.
As a British Overseas Territory, a number of sports clubs and leagues can be found on the islands that are familiar to British ex-pats. Cricket is very popular in the Caribbean along with tennis, rugby, football, squash and golf. There are many annual events and festivals held across the three islands such as the Batabano Carnival, the Pirates Week Festival and Mardi Gras celebrations. Meanwhile, thanks in part to the Cayman Cook-Off and Taste of Cayman, bringing internationally renowned chefs to the country, the Cayman Islands is fast becoming the culinary capital of the Caribbean.
Moving to the Cayman Islands
The Cayman Islands is often termed a ‘tax haven’ as there is no annual property tax, income tax, capital gains tax, inheritance tax, gift tax or corporation tax, while non-food shopping is predominantly duty-free. As there are no such taxes and no restrictions on foreign ownership, the country is a very appealing destination for foreign investors. Buyers of Cayman property can expect to pay around 10% – 12% of the purchase price on accrued costs such as stamp duty (7.5% across all three islands), real estate agent fees (paid by the vendor), mortgage and legal fees. The Cayman Islands legal system is based on a streamlined version of the British process with the exchange to completion period usually lasting between two and four weeks. A CIREBA ‘offer to purchase’ is the most commonly used form of conveyancing, and allows for the transfer of all types of property from vendor to purchaser without expensive legal fees. Once you have determined the property that you would like to purchase your offer will be presented in writing to the owner of the property with the price and any other conditions outlined in the Offer to Purchase document. When the terms of the offer have been agreed the document becomes a legally binding contract between both parties.
Firstly, if you are applying for a mortgage and you hold a work permit most banks will require you to have been on the islands for at least six months before granting a mortgage. You can also obtain a mortgage as a non-resident although a larger deposit is in most cases required, usually in the region of 30%. The mortgage approval process usually takes four to six weeks from the time of application.
If you are buying your home with a mortgage from a bank within the Cayman Islands they will require a valuation of the property by an RICS surveyor. The fee for the valuation is based on the size and value of the property, starting from around US$500.
If chattels (items not forming part of the building’s structure) are included in the price of the property a list of the items and their value will be provided to the purchaser’s attorney so the land transfer document includes the information. The transfer document needs to state the amount paid for the property (excluding the chattels) as stamp duty is only charged on the value of the property and not the value of the chattels.
When it comes to selling your Cayman Islands property you are only eligible to pay commission to the real estate agent you appoint to handle the sale of the property. Agent fees range from 4% to 10% of the sale price dependent on the value of the property.
The following section will outline each cost associated with buying and owning a property in the Cayman Islands.
Whilst there is no annual property tax in the Cayman Islands all property purchases by overseas buyers are subject to Stamp Duty at a rate of 7.5% (there are exemptions for Caymanian first time buyers). Stamp Duty is based on either the market value of the property or the purchase price minus the chattels’ value, whichever is the highest. Stamp Duty is a one-off payment that is payable to the Cayman Islands Government within 45 days of the completion date.
If you have purchased land in order to build your home, you should pay stamp duty at the time of buying the land, rather than when the property is completed. Once your planning permission is granted your approval is valid for five years.
Stamp Duty on mortgages is charged at 1% for loans below KYD$300,000 (US$365,000) and 1.5% for loans above this threshold.
Real Estate Agent Fees
It is important to note that agent fees are only paid by the vendor. There is no cost for the purchaser. Unlike in Britain, real estate agent fees are set in the Cayman Islands for member companies of the Cayman Islands Real Estate Brokers Association (CIREBA). Commission rates are set on a sliding scale that all agents are expected to adhere to:
US$95,000 – US$494,999 = 7%
US$500,000 – US$994,999 = 6%
US$995,000 – US$9,994,999 = 5%
US$9,995,000+ = 4%
If appointing a lawyer to handle the legal aspects of the purchase you can negotiate the fee payable for their services, but you should budget between 0.5% and 1.0% of the purchase price.
When are financing your property with a mortgage your lender can employ an attorney to represent the bank to complete the purchase.
As stated earlier there is no monthly or annual property tax, council or capital gains tax levied in the Cayman Islands. The largest homeownership costs relate to the general maintenance of the property. It is advised that property owners, who do not intend on residing in the property permanently or plan to use their home as a short or long term property, hire a property manager to handle any maintenance and repairs. Such services vary in price depending on the amount of service required and the size of the property. In most cases, a monthly fee is paid to the manager of the property.
For properties in strata developments, for example, condominiums located along Seven Mile Beach, a monthly strata fee (including insurance) is paid that covers maintenance costs and the general upkeep of the exterior of the buildings and any associated amenities such as swimming pools, tennis courts and landscaping.
Any Other Associated Costs
The majority of canal fronting condominium developments and family homes have private docking facilities. For homeowners of inland property, boats can be moored at marinas such as Barcadere, located adjacent to the Cayman Islands Yacht Club in George Town, where mooring fees are based on the linear foot of the vessel.
Short term mooring costs start at US$0.73 per foot per day based on a seasonal six-month term, rising to US$1.83 per foot for single day moorings. Long term rates range from US$18.30 per foot per month for one year with discounts available on additional years up to 4-year terms.